Delegate bills have been introduced in Legislatures across the country, supposedly to avoid a “runaway” convention. These bills attempt to dictate the selection process for a state’s delegates to an Article V convention, limit what a state’s delegates can discuss or vote upon in convention, require convention delegates to take an oath, etc. Some delegate bills have criminal penalties while others do not. Sometimes they’re referred to as “faithful” or “unfaithful” delegate bills.
Delegate bills are designed to give legislators a false sense of security and control over a process that will be completely out of their control. Thus, legislators that pass delegate bills are more likely to vote for Article V convention legislation.